What is James Webb Space Telescope distance from Earth ?

Image credit: NASA, STScI

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is an infrared-optimized space telescope that will revolutionize our understanding of the universe. It is the largest and most powerful telescope ever launched into space, and it is currently orbiting the Sun at the second Lagrange point, 1.5 million kilometers (1 million miles) away from Earth.
One of the main advantages of Webb's position at L2 is that it allows the telescope to stay in line with the Earth's movement around the Sun, enabling it to always point in the same direction. This is crucial for observing faint objects in the universe.
Another significant advantage of being at L2 is that Webb is far away from Earth's atmosphere, which absorbs infrared light. Being above the atmosphere allows Webb to see infrared light that would be invisible from Earth. This is essential for infrared astronomy, which is one of the primary goals of the mission.
Webb's position at L2 also ensures that it is always in the dark, enabling it to observe faint objects that would be drowned out by Earth's light. This helps keep the telescope's instruments cold, which is important for infrared astronomy.
The distance between Webb and Earth is critical for observing distant and faint objects in the universe. The light from these objects takes a long time to reach Earth, so the time it takes for light to travel from Webb to Earth is an important factor. Additionally, the distance from Earth affects the amount of light Webb can collect, and it also affects the amount of interference from Earth's atmosphere.
The position of the James Webb Space Telescope at L2 is crucial for its ability to observe faint objects, collect more light, and experience less interference from Earth's atmosphere. Its distance from Earth is also a vital factor that impacts its capabilities and the scientific goals it hopes to achieve.